Exploring patient experiences of participating in a telephone-based self-management support intervention: Proactive Health Support (PaHS).
Proactive Health Support is a telephone-based self-management intervention that is carried out in Denmark by Registered Nurses who provide self-management support to people at risk of hospital admission. We aimed to explore participants' experiences of Proactive Health Support and to identify what the participants find important and meaningful during the intervention process.
Qualitative design involving semi-structured interview.
Using a phenomenological-hermeneutical framework, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 62 participants in their own homes (32 women, 30 men; aged 20-81 years) in spring and fall 2018.
The participants felt confident that they could discuss every matter with the nurses. Participants benefitted from accessibility to the nurses' professional and medical competences and they felt relief that the nurses contacted them via the telephone due to their multiple health conditions. The participants felt that the nurses were available and helped them to navigate the healthcare system.
The participants valued the intervention because they benefitted from the nurses' holistic approach. They described the nurses' knowledge and professionalism in relation to their symptoms, treatments, and medicine as important and meaningful. Accordingly, the intervention seemed to promote feelings of independence and self-management among the participants.
From a nursing perspective, the study highlights that it is possible to establish a close relationship and behavioural change among participants through regular telephone contact.