Effect of the patient education - Learning and coping strategies - in cardiac rehabilitation on return to work at one year: a randomised controlled trial (LC-REHAB)

Birgitte Laier Bitsch1, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt and Vibeke Lynggaard

Results: The population for the present analysis was N?=?244 (LC arm: n?=?119 versus control arm: n?=?125). No difference in RTW status was found at one year across arms (LC arm: 64.7% versus control arm: 68.8%, adjusted odds ratio OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.43-1.31). 

Methods: In an open parallel randomised controlled trial, patients with IHD or HF were block-randomised in a 1:1 ratio to the LC arm (LC plus CR) or the control arm (CR alone) across three Danish hospital units. Eligible patients were aged 18 to =60 and had not left the labour market. The intervention was developed from an inductive pedagogical approach consisting of individual interviews and group based teaching by health professionals with experienced patients as co-educators. The control arm consisted of deductive teaching (standard CR). RTW status was derived from the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalisation (DREAM). Blinding was not possible. The effect was evaluated by logistic regression analysis and reported as crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI).

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Udgivelsesform Videnskabelige artikler
År 2018
Udgiver BMC Cardiovasc Disord
ISBN/ISSN 10.1186/s12872-018-0832-2
Længde 9 sider