The influence of crisis resolution treatment on employment: a retrospective register-based comparative study

Emely Ek Blæhr; Jacob Vagner Madsen; Nanna Limskov Stærk Christiansen; Pia Vedel Ankersen

Crisis resolution treatment (CRT) is a short-term acute psychiatric home-based treatment offered as an alternative to hospitalization. The purpose of CRT is to support patient recovery by maintaining and improving competencies in relation to everyday life. Individuals with mental disorders are at increased risk of leaving the labor market, which is a central aspect of everyday life. Thus, a primary outcome of interest is whether CRT enables higher employment compared with traditional hospitalization. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of CRT compared with hospitalization in relation to attempted or committed suicides, admissions, readmissions and employment. This study utilized register-based psychiatric data. The CRT intervention, which was carried out in a psychiatric center (N = 374), was matched to traditional hospitalization treatment in a corresponding area (N = 9460). The outcomes (suicide attempts, suicides, admissions and readmissions) were replicated by applying propensity score matching (PSM) to evaluate the general treatment effect of CRT. The effectiveness of CRT on employment was estimated by applying PSM combined with a difference-in-difference estimator to account for any time trends. Receiving CRT was associated with significantly more employment after 1 year compared with hospitalization. Furthermore, after 1 year, receiving CRT was associated with fewer suicide attempts, admissions and readmissions. The associations were not significant after two years. The results suggest that CRT patients retain a higher employment rate, which could indicate better recovery. Using CRT could lead to savings in the social security system owing to higher employment rates.

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Udgivelsesform Videnskabelige artikler
År 2017
Udgiver Nordic Journal of Psychiatry